Soap Export – Business Ideas
Soap is a common commodity in every household nowadays. The name “soap” comes from “Mount Sopa”. Many experiments were done and the first commercial soap arrived in the 19th century. It is made up of alkaline salts and vegetable or animal oils mixed together. The process is long and involves heavy machinery. It is a highly industrialized sector and involves huge investments. In India, soap and detergent industry took its foot in 1930s. Earlier it was not accepted by the Indian population. But with time it became the major shareholder in every Indian household.
Today India is one of the leading producers of soap in the world. It forms a huge part of FMCG (Fast-moving Consumer Goods) market. The FMCG industry can be divided into the organized and unorganized sector. The size of the organized sector is about Rs.66 billion. The industry has been growing at a CAGR of 4% for the last three years. So much so that India has started exporting soap and detergent products to the world.
Overview of Indian Export System
Foreign Trade (Development & Regulation) Act of 1992 and India’s Export-Import (EXIM) Policy governs Indian import and export systems. Barring the items regulated by the EXIM policy, import and export of all goods doesn’t require any finance.
Registration in the regional licensing authority is mandatory for the import and export of goods in India. One has to also have a particular code called Import Export Code (IEC) from the regional authority. It is vital as the customs will not allow for clearance of goods unless the importer has this code.
Just like imports, goods can be exported freely if they are not mentioned in the classification of ITC (HS). Here is a list of classification of goods for export:
- State Trading Enterprise
Soap and Detergent Industry comes under the State Trading Enterprise. And likewise, soap and detergent products are also guided by these regulations. Apart from these general laws
Ministry of Corporate Affairs has also laid out some regulations regarding the export of Soaps and Detergents outside India. These are named as Cost and Accounting Records (Soaps and Detergent) Rules, 1993.
These rules apply to any processing and manufacturing unit which is involved with the production of cleansing materials like soap, detergent etc. Although these rules don’t apply in the Small Scale Industries.
The main idea of the Cost and Accounting Records (Soaps and Detergent) Rules, 1993 is to maintain proper records regarding income and expenditure of the company. Be it the wages or investments for machinery, a proper record has to be there without any fail. There is a special mention on Expenses/Incentives on Exports of soaps and detergents in these Rules.
Here is an excerpt from the Rules:
Expenses/Incentives on Exports
“The expenses incurred on exports, as well as, any export incentives earned shall be reflected in the cost statement relating to export sales. Export incentives shall be treated as other income and reflected in the cost records. Separate cost statement as per Proforma “C” in schedule II annexed to these rules (suitably modified) shall be prepared for products exported giving details of export expenses incurred/incentive earned. In case, duty-free imports are made, the cost statement should reflect this fact.”
For those who are interested in this venture can also look for relevant details here
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